Evicting Tenants in South Africa: The Legal Process

Evicting tenants can be a complex and challenging process, but understanding the legal framework in South Africa is crucial for landlords and property investors. In this blog post, we will provide a comprehensive guide to the legal process of evicting tenants, referencing the relevant laws, and offering valuable insights. If you’re a landlord or property investor in Pretoria, working with a reputable rental agency can offer significant benefits, as we will explore in detail later in this article.

Understanding the Rental Housing Act

The Rental Housing Act (Act 50 of 1999) serves as the cornerstone of landlord-tenant relationships in South Africa. This legislation outlines the rights and obligations of both parties, ensuring a fair and balanced approach. It’s crucial for landlords and property investors to familiarize themselves with the Rental Housing Act, as it provides the legal framework for the eviction process.

The PIE Act

The Prevention of Illegal Eviction and Unlawful Occupation of Land Act No. 19 of 1998 (PIE Act) stipulates processes in evicting illegal occupants and prohibiting landlords from doing unlawful eviction of tenants. Tenant rights are reinforced in this rental law by adding steps that will give them the chance to explain and defend themselves. The rental law also gives power to landlords to exercise their rights, albeit under legal proceedings.

Valid Reasons for Eviction

Under the Rental Housing Act, landlords can only evict tenants for valid reasons recognized by the law. These reasons include non-payment of rent, breach of the lease agreement, engaging in illegal activities on the property, or the landlord’s intention to occupy the property for personal use. It’s important to note that evictions cannot be based on discriminatory grounds or retaliatory actions.

A tenant is considered an unlawful occupant when the lease contract ends either due to the stated expiration of the lease or due to a breach of contract.

Consumer Protection Act (CPA)

According to the Consumer Protection Act (CPA), a landlord should give notice to their tenants regarding the cancellation of the lease agreement due to a breach of the contract. The rental law in South Africa states that the notice period should last for at least 20 business days. Within this period, the tenant has the opportunity to rectify the breach.

The Proper Procedure

The proper tenant eviction process should be followed in accordance with the law. If done improperly, this can cause delays or even imprisonment on the part of the landlord. However, you can apply the urgent eviction process if you can prove that your tenant poses an imminent danger.

The tenant rights enforced in South Africa give people extra protection against unlawful evictions. The landlord, though, still has the right and power to dispatch problematic tenants who have breached lease agreements. They just have to go through the proper eviction process as listed below. 

Contract cancellation

The landlord can only issue an eviction notice on the 21st business day after the tenant received the notice of the lease breach. It will only be considered legal if there also has been no action on the part of the tenant to rectify the breach.

The eviction notice will contain instructions for the tenant to vacate the premises within the date specified by the landlord.

Issuing a Notice to Evict

To initiate the eviction process, landlords must provide tenants with a written notice to evict. The notice period required will depend on the specific circumstances and reasons for eviction, as outlined in the Rental Housing Act. Generally, the notice period ranges from 30 to 90 days. The notice must clearly state the reason for eviction, the intended date of eviction, and any potential remedies available to the tenant.

Court Application and Proceedings

If the tenant fails to comply with the notice to evict, landlords can proceed with a court application. This involves filing an eviction application at the appropriate Magistrate’s Court with jurisdiction over the property. The court will then evaluate the evidence presented by both parties before making a decision.

During court proceedings, landlords must ensure that all documentation and evidence comply with the legal requirements. This includes providing proof of the notice to evict, evidence of the grounds for eviction, and any communication or attempts made to resolve the matter amicably. It’s advisable to seek legal representation or consultation to navigate the court process effectively.

Working with a Rental Agency in Pretoria

As a landlord or property investor in Pretoria, partnering with a reputable rental agency can offer numerous benefits throughout the eviction process and beyond. A rental agency specializing in property management has an in-depth understanding of the legalities involved in evictions, saving you time and effort.

In addition to their knowledge of the eviction process, rental agencies can handle tenant communication, rental collection, property maintenance, and other crucial aspects of property management. This relieves you of the administrative burden and ensures that your property is managed efficiently, leaving you with more time to focus on your investment strategies.

Furthermore, a rental agency can provide professional guidance on navigating the complexities of the Rental Housing Act, helping you avoid legal pitfalls and protecting your rights as a landlord. They can also assist in screening potential tenants, conducting thorough background checks, and ensuring that lease agreements comply with legal requirements.


Evicting tenants in South Africa requires a solid understanding of the legal process outlined by the Rental Housing Act. By adhering to the applicable laws, seeking professional assistance when necessary, and considering the advantages of working with a rental agency in Pretoria, landlords and property investors can navigate the eviction process effectively and protect their investments.

Fitzanne Estates is a reliable rental agency in Pretoria that can support you in managing your property and finding reliable tenants.

Contact us today! 

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Media contact: Cathlen Fourie, +27 82 222 9198, marketing@fitzanne.co.za  https://www.fitzanne.co.za/

More about Fitzanne Estates

Fitzanne Estates (Pty) Ltd is a Property Management Company that can sufficiently administer your property investment to the benefit of the Landlord, the Body Corporate, and the NPC – a Non-Profit Company. Services include Letting, Sectional Title Management, Full Title Management (NPC – Non-Profit Company), and Sales.

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